Isosterism and Bioisosterism – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Pharmacology. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Isosterism and bioisosterism in drug design | In every scientific undertaking that is to break new ground, one has to have a. Aug 1, Isosterism and bioisosterism in drug design. By Alfred Burger. University of Virginia, Department of Chemistry,. Charlottesville, Virgina
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Structural size, shape, H-bonding are important 2.
Bioisosterism allows modification of physicochemical parameters: Drug Discovery, Design and Development: It involves the study of effects of biologically active compounds on the basis of molecular structures or its physico-chemical properties. WordPress Embed Customize Embed. Lead discovery- Random Screening. Silafluofen is an organosilicon analogue of pyrethroid insecticidewherein a carbon center has been replaced by isosteric silicon.
Bioisostere increase target interaction and selectivity: In medicinal chemistrybioisosteres are chemical substituents or groups with similar physical or chemical properties which produce broadly similar biological properties to another chemical compound.
Optimization of Lead -Identification of the active part. Method of Lead discovery.
Introduction to Lead compound. Catechol- 16 PowerPoint Presentation: The lead is prototype compound that has the desired biological or pharmacological activity but may have many undesirable characterisics,like high toxicity, other biological activity, insolubility or metabolism problems.
Tetrazole anaion is 10 times more lipophilic than a carboxylic acid and drug absorption is enhanced as a result 23 Carboxylic acid 5-Substiuted tetrazole H- acidic proton Bioisostere to increase absorption: Bioisosteres of some patented compounds can be discovered automatically and used to circumvent Markush structure patent claims. Non-classical bioisosteres may differ in a multitude of ways from classical bioisosteres, but retain the focus on providing similar sterics and electronic profile to the original functional group.
Go to Application Have a question? Alpha tocopherol isodterism cardiac damage due to myocardial infraction. Another example are chalcones bioisosteres. Bioisostere to increase absorption: Hence alkylsulphonamido derivative of phenylepherine was found to retain activity.
BIOISOSTERISM AND ISOSTERISM by S.R. BHALERAO |authorSTREAM
For fine tune of biological activity in order to- -Minimize toxicity -Modify the activity -Alter metabolism -Maximize bioavailability 7. Tetrazole anaion is 10 times more lipophilic than a carboxylic acid and drug absorption is enhanced as a result 23 Carboxylic acid 5-Substiuted tetrazole H- acidic proton.
The OH group is replaced by other group having ability to undergo H-bonding. Size, shape, electronic distribution, lipid solubility, water solubility, p K achemical reactivity, hydrogen bonding Effects of bioisosteric replacement: Promising Starting Points for Drug Design”. Application of Bioisosterism in Drug design. Burger define Bioisosteres as substituent’s or groups that have similar chemical and physical properties and which produce broadly similar biological propert i es.
Whereas classical bioisosteres commonly conserve much of the same structural properties, nonclassical bioisosteres are isosteriem more dependent on the specific binding isoterism of the ligand in question and may substitute a linear functional group for a cyclic moiety, an alkyl group for a complex heteroatom moiety, or other changes that go far beyond a simple atom-for-atom switch.
It has been proposed that key force field features, that is the pharmacophorebe patented instead. To overcome this problem, replacement of carboxylic acid with bioisostere which has similar physicochemical properties.
Classical bioisosterism was originally formulated by James Moir and refined by Irving Langmuir  as a response to the observation that different atoms with the same valence electron structure had similar biological properties.
All lily of the valley flower Drug act as a Antihistamine.
In drug design the purpose of exchanging one bioisostere for another is to enhance the desired biological or physical properties of a compound without making significant changes in chemical structure.
Silicon Isosteres in Drug Discovery”.
Because the fluorine atom is similar in size to the hydrogen atom the overall topology of the molecule is not significantly affected, leaving the desired biological activity unaffected.
Why Lead Modification is Necessary?: Isosreric replacement involving cylic vs noncylic analog: This page was last edited on 31 Octoberat