February 23, 2020

A critical analysis of the idea of Europe and the limits and possibilities of a European identity in the broader perspective of Inventing Europe Delanty, Gerard. I{ETlllNKlNC IRTSH HISTORy (with patrick O’Mahony). Inventing Europe. Idea, Identity, Reality. Gerard Delanty. Senior LÄ›crurer in Sociology. U niversity of Liver . Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke,

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The principal frontier known to the Greeks was the Nile, which separated Asia from Deanty. The spreading of Christianity was not only halted but was put on the defensive; and within Europe itself a wedge had been driven between the Latin west and the Greek cast.

Christianity was effectively ‘ European iscd’ from the eighth century onwards. In fact, the possibility of an alliance between Europe and the Mongols had been a very real possibility in the thirteenth century Phillips,pp. This analogy also underlines my contention that the idea ofEurope is never totally controlled by any of the players in the field; it occu- pies the cultural-symbolic space which is competed for by collective identi- ties.

It was colonialism and conquest that and not peace and solidarity.

Some noteworthy departures are BartlettSctlzs and Seton-Watson Charlemagne used the church as a bulwark invwnting the aristocracy. Islam by virtue of its possession of these strategic islands was in a position of real strength and virtually controlled the Mediterranean in the ninth century.

A geographical image that had far greater reality to the ancient and early medieval mind was that of Ethiopia, which was believed to contain the source of the Nile with which paradise was associated Baudet,p.

Jl can be seen the emblem and central organising metaphor of a complex civilisation. To the Chinese in their encounter with Europeans in the fifteenth century, the term Franks, as a pe- jorative word for Geraard, had found its way into their language Bitterli, It also made sense to replace Christendom with the word Europe since it was obvious that not all of Europe was Christian.


The world of antiquity was oriental not west- ern.

[ Gerard Delanty] Inventing Europe : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

To the Greeks the concept of Asia was more firmly linked to a specific territory than Europe, which remained a vague area to the north of Hellas. We must not, once again, overstate the difference between cast and west as far as Antiquity is concerned.

In this transformation Europe becomes part of a hegemonical cultural discourse.

Europe can be viewed as a discursive strategy which is aniculated Ky stifl- ing signiflers in relational contexts. The impor- tance of the ferard is that they shaped the formation of an ethno-culturally homogenising identity, which subsequently became a core component of European identity. It must not be forgotten that the nation-state is also not the unified and autonomous enti- ty it is often portrayed to be, but is characterised by the same divisions with which Europe is often equated.

Not surprisingly the charisma and enchant- ment that it lacks is filled gerarc nationalist and racist ideology and the new pol- itics of materialism. This period, and not the beginning of the so-called Dark Ages after the break-up of the Roman Empire in the fifth century, was the real turning point as far as the formation of a European identity is con- cerned.

The need for cultural cohesion became all the more necessary because there was no central political authority under the system of feudal- ism that had emerged in the West after the break-up of the Carolingian empire in the tenth century. It was to this mystique of the West that Europe was subordinated. So, Occident and Orient evolved to refer to the two halves of the Roman Empire. The structure and argument of the book reflect this critique of the univer- salis!


Inventing Europe – G. Delanty – Google Books

It is for this reason important that what I would call the ‘project of autonomy’ be disengaged from the dominant social repre- sentations that have until now prevailed and be more firmly connected to normatively grounded ideas. With the consolidation of the idea of Europe – which I place at the late fifteenth century – 1 seek in Chapter 3 to relate this new cultural model to the emerging forms of European identity and their burgeoning geo-political realities.

Oct 13, Will rated it it was ok Shelves: There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Herodotus himself, however, had no clear distinction between Europe and Asia and sim- ply called the wilderness north of the Black Sea Scythia.

[ Gerard Delanty] Inventing Europe 1995

It was mis idea of a Christian empire that outlived the 40 Inventing Europe German empire and became a major part of the culture and identity of Europe. Europe then begins to shed itself of its association with Christendom and slowly becomes an autonomous discourse. It meant that in the West, the state could decouple itself from the burden of legitimation with which the Byzantine state was bered.

The crusaders retained the political identity of their respective kingdoms but their collective identity was that of Christian pilgrims taking the cross and sword. This is not unlike what Anderson has called an “imaginary community’ to describe the national ideal. Charlemagne’s defeat of the Byzantines in hastened the split within Europe. Berlin is no longer the symbol of a divided Europe but the capital of a united Germany.