Unlike other Kocuria species that are strictly aerobic, Kocuria kristinae is °C. The genus Micrococcus has been recently divided into Micrococcus, Kocuria. Kocuria is a genus of Gram positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria, including the sequenced species Kocuria rhizophila. Kocuria has been identified in. Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov.
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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. Construction and analysis of fractional multifactorial designs to study attachment strength and transfer of Listeria monocytogenes from pure or mixed biofilms after contact with a solid model food. Persistent bloodstream infection with Kocuria rhizophila related to a damaged central catheter.
Kocuria turfanensis Zhou et al. Kocuria halotolerans Tang et al. Endocarditis by Kocuria rosea in an immunocompetent child. Several other actinobacterial species infect plants and animals. Table 2 Misidentification of Kocuria species and members of the Kocuria genus by different automated phenotypic identification systems.
Catheter-related relapsing peritonitis due to Kocuria varians in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory gensu dialysis. Biofilm production was assessed by the microtitre plate assay, and PKS did not produce a biofilm. A year-old man, a previously known case of diabetic nephropathy with end-stage renal disease undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis CAPD for the last four years, was kocueia to a tertiary-care hospital in Puducherry, with complaints of abdominal pain, pedal edema and loose stool for three days.
In addition to reporting this case, we herein review the literature concerning the emergence of Kocuria as a significant human pathogen. These bacteria are responsible for different types of infection, mostly in immunocompromised hosts with serious underlying conditions.
Decreased cell wall permeability and the presence of efflux pumps are implicated in the resistance of Kocuria species. We therefore emphasize the urgent need for the formulation of specific criteria for interpreting susceptibility in Kocuria species.
Kocuria sediminis Bala et al. Footnotes The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Kocuria flava Zhou et al. Case Reports in Infectious Diseases. A problematic catheter-related BSI leading oocuria such complications was striking in this case. Kocuria himachalensis Mayilraj et al. Open in a separate window. Additionally, repeat blood samples collected from the patient who was already on antibiotics showed no growth.
Kocuria subflava Jiang et al. Central venous catheter-related bacteremia caused by Kocuria kristinae: When subjected to the Vitek ID-GPC-card panel test, Kocuria isolates are positive kochria only the alanine arylamidase reaction and alkalinization of L -lactate; 13 strain PKS from kockria case was positive for only five tests in the Vitek array.
Many species of Actinobacteria are saprophytic and are present in the environment growing under varied conditions as acidophiles, alkaliphiles, halophiles, and thermophiles.
Taxonomy of the genus Kocuria Stackebrandt et al.
Cureus is not responsible for the scientific accuracy or reliability of data or conclusions published herein. The infection was subsequently resolved by antibiotic treatment and catheter removal. More troubling is oocuria fact that such errors are likely to occur more frequently with the highly virulent strains of Staphylococcus that are known to show high PV.
Evolutionary relationships of taxa.
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Peritonitis due to Kocuria rosea in a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis case Mikrobiyol Bul 43 — Kocuria koreensis Park et al. Additionally, articles published within Cureus should not be deemed a suitable substitute for the advice of a qualified health care professional.
Validation List Online Effective publication: However, it is probable that the prevalence of Kocuria infections in coming years may increase as genome-based identification becomes routinely available.
The first indication of such a scenario becoming true has been observed through the numerous new cases of Kocuria infections being reported in a short span of time.
Currently, there are more than 18 species of Kocuria identified based on the 16S rRNA phylogenetic studies. Other underlying conditions associated with Kocuria infection include diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, stem cell transplant patients, patients suffering from gallstones, methylmalonic aciduria and kocjria pseudocyst [ 16 – 21 ]. A series of 12 Kocuria isolates obtained from a patient subsequently identified as K.
Direct microscopy of the sample showed gram-positive cocci in pairs and clusters. Kocuria indica Dastager et al. Venkataraman Nagar, Kalapet, PondicherryIndia.